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Archeological Object

Shield


Shield

Circular bronze gladiator’s shield decorated in the centre with a silver medallion in the shape of a Medusa’s head, surrounded by two olive leaf wreaths in silver and copper separated by two engraved concentric lines, while the outer edge is decorated with olive leaves alternating with olives. A bronze handle for the arm grip is placed on the inside. It is a type of shield known as a parmula which, despite not being particularly robust, freed one of the gladiator’s hands so that he could also easily wield a sword or dagger. The boss or umbo in the shape of a Medusa’s head would certainly have been a form of intimidation: as in the myth, it was designed to terrify and overcome the enemy.

Further information
Codici (Label is not translated)
  Ente_competente: Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle Province di Napoli e Caserta
Object
  SGTI: Medusa e corone di foglie d'olivo
Localizzazione_geografico-amministrativa (Label is not translated)
  PVCS: Italia
  regione: CAMPANIA
  provincia: Napoli
  comune: Napoli
  LDCT: palazzo
  Name: Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli
  Indirizzo: Piazza Museo, 19 - 80135
  LDCM: Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli
  Location: Store-room
Altre_localizzazioni_geografico_amministrative_reperimento (Label is not translated)
  PRVS: Italia
  regione: CAMPANIA
  provincia: Napoli
  comune: Pompei
Altre_localizzazioni_geografico_amministrative_provenienza (Label is not translated)
  PRVS2: Italia
  regione: CAMPANIA
  provincia: Napoli
  comune: Napoli
  PRCU2: Piazza Museo, 19 - 80135
  PRCM2: Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli
Altre_localizzazioni_geografico_amministrative (Label is not translated)
  TCL3: -------------------------
Dati_patrimoniali (Label is not translated)
  Inventory number: 5669
  INVD: 1863 post
Dati_tecnici (Label is not translated)
  MISU: cm.
  Diameter: 37
Dati_analitici (Label is not translated)
  Inscriptions - text:

Condizione_giuridica_e_vincoli (Label is not translated)
  CDGG: proprietà Stato
Fonti_e_documenti_di_riferimento (Label is not translated)
  Bibliography:

Fiorelli 1869, n. 288 (2839), pp. 18-19; Monaco, The Small Bronzes, n. 134c, p. 27; Ruesch 1900; Spinazzola 1928, n. 267, p. XXXVI; de Franciscis 1963, p. 79, fig. 90; Pompeii A.D. 79 1976, n. 309; Pompeii A.D. 79 1978, II, n. 296, p. 207; Zevi 1991b, II, p. 188; Roman reflections 1996, n. 230, pp. 131-133; De Caro 1999, p. 104; Caesaren und Gladiatoren 2000, n. 44, p.62; Junkelmann 2000, n. S1, p. 187, figg. 111-112; Sangue e arena 2001, n. 107, p. 382; De Albentiis 2002a, p. 182; d'Ambrosio 2003, n. IV.19, pp. 245 e 247.