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Archeological Object

Puteal with deities

Puteal with deities

The puteal is decorated in the upper part with a Lesbian cyma and in the lower part with a Lesbian and an Ionian cyma; it is decorated all around with a series of seven figures in high relief depicting the main male deities of the Greek pantheon. Zeus, with a bearded face, is shown semi-nude, sitting facing right on a throne, with his feet on an altar step; he is portrayed in a thoughtful pose, leaning one arm against the backrest, facing towards a small pillar on which there is an eagle with spread wings holding a bolt of lightning in its claws. Ares, dressed in an exomis (light tunic) and sandals, and wearing a helmet, holds a spear in his left hand and a sword with baldric in the right; next to him, stands Apollo, half-dressed, leaning with his left elbow on a pillar on which there is a cithara, while holding a plectrum in his right hand. To his right, on the ground, there is an omphalos, a symbolic representation of the centre of the Earth. Next to him is the bearded figure of Asclepius, leaning with his right shoulder on his snake staff. Beside him is the clean-shaven figure of Dionysius, wearing an ivy wreath and a cloak on his left shoulder and on the lower part of his body; he holds a thyrsus in his right hand and a kantharos in his left. Next comes Heracles, also clean-shaven, with a lion skin wrapped around his left arm, while with his right hand he leans his club on the ground. The last figure is Hermes, with a chlamys on his left shoulder and a petasus (wide-brimmed hat) behind him, while in his left hand he holds the caduceus leaning against his shoulder. This elegant sculpture, made in the shape of a real well, might well have served as a wash basin, as the sealed base would suggest.

Further information
Codici (Label is not translated)
  Ente_competente: Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici delle Province di Napoli e Caserta
  SGTI: Zeus, Ares, Apollo, Asclepio, Dioniso, Eracle e Hermes
Localizzazione_geografico-amministrativa (Label is not translated)
  PVCS: Italia
  regione: CAMPANIA
  provincia: Napoli
  comune: Napoli
  LDCT: palazzo
  Name: Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli
  Indirizzo: Piazza Museo, 19 - 80135
  LDCM: Collezione Farnese
  Location: Room VIII
Altre_localizzazioni_geografico_amministrative_reperimento (Label is not translated)
  regione: LAZIO
  provincia: Roma
  comune: Roma
  PRCU: Piazza Farnese, 67 - 00186
  PRCM: Collezione del Bufalo
Altre_localizzazioni_geografico_amministrative_provenienza (Label is not translated)
  Provenance: Rome, del Bufalo collection; subsequently Rome, Farnese collection
  PRVS2: Italia
  regione: LAZIO
  provincia: Napoli
  comune: Napoli
  PRCU2: Piazza Museo, 19 - 80135
  PRCM2: Museo Archeologico Nazionale di Napoli
Altre_localizzazioni_geografico_amministrative (Label is not translated)
  TCL3: luogo di esposizione
  PRVS3: Italia
  regione: CAMPANIA
  provincia: Napoli
  comune: Napoli
Dati_patrimoniali (Label is not translated)
  Inventory number: 6670
  INVD: 1870 post
Dati_tecnici (Label is not translated)
  MISU: m.
  Height: 1.03
  Diameter: 0.86
Dati_analitici (Label is not translated)
  Inscriptions - text:

Condizione_giuridica_e_vincoli (Label is not translated)
  CDGG: proprietà Stato
Fonti_e_documenti_di_riferimento (Label is not translated)

Ruesch 289; Wrede 1983, pp. 5, 9, 14-15, Taf. 5,1; LIMC III, 1, 1986, pp. 651-652, s.v. Dodekatheoi, n. 23; LIMC III, 2, 1986, p. 512; Collezioni Museo 1989, I.2, n. 179, pp. 180-181; LIMC VI, 1, 1992, p. 533, s.v. Mercurius, n. 368; Ancient Roman Civilization 2003, pp. 114-115.